I read five articles about team teaching. There are three major issues to support my research question.
The first issue is the problems of JTEs. Akiko, Atsuko, Daniel, Ayako, Kiyotaka and Yuriko (2015, P.79) argued that JTEs have “pure lack of time to meet.” In the article of Frances and Keiko (2018, P.110), “the Japanese teachers are extremely busy.” That is to say, in elementary school, HRTs have to teach not only English but other subjects, therefore, JTEs and ALTs cannot have an opportunity to meet them.
The second issue is the role of Japanese teachers. Ethel, Hitomi, Harry, Darryl, Joseph and Richard (2009, P.40) said that JTEs “try to act as role models for students”. In the article of Frances and Keiko (2018, P.113), “The Japanese teachers can help with classroom management as well as be good role models for the students.” In addition, Ethel, Hitomi, Harry, Darryl, Joseph and Richard (2009, P.38) argued “HRTs are sometimes foreign learners and can act as role models for the pupils.” To sum up, JTEs and HRTs are Japanese people not native, so they can be the model of non-native English speakers.
The third issue is to make good team teaching. First, JTEs should train English more. In the article of Akiko, Atsuko, Daniel, Ayako, Kiyotaka and Yuriko (2015, P.79), “JTEs may need to undergo team-teaching training together with ALTs.” For example, “Saitama JATs are supported with training programs”. (Ethel, Hitomi, Harry, Darryl, Joseph and Richard, 2009, P.37) In other words, HRTs and JTEs have to improve their English skill with ALT. Next, teachers should give students different cultures in the class. Frances and Keiko (2018, P.109) argued that “there are numerous advantage of TT, such as encouraging cross-cultural understanding, (Tonks, 2006)” In addition, in the article of Ethel, Hitomi, Harry, Darryl, Joseph and Richard (2009, P.41), teachers should “have adequate cross-cultural understanding” In brief, Teachers want to teach students to cross-cultural understanding. It is important for ALTs to teach cross-cultural understanding, of course.
In this way, I found three major issues to help my research question. I can observe the perspective of team-teaching.